RAW Burn Improves Fat Loss, Focus, and Energy

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In order to lose weight, you must create a caloric deficit by expending more calories than you take in. When you maintain this deficit over the course of several weeks, the body slowly sheds fat. As long as you’re eating right and resistance training regularly, you retain lean muscle mass. Fitness experts say the goal shouldn’t be to only focus on losing weight because that would mean losing muscle mass along with fat and water weight.

So what can you do to minimize muscle loss while at the same time maximizing fat loss?

Here are some tips that we’ve picked up over the years from health and wellness professionals: Keep yourself in a slight caloric deficit, exercise regularly, manage stress, and eat a balanced diet that’s also high in protein (at least 0.8 to 1 gram of protein per pound of bodyweight).

When purposefully reducing calories below maintenance levels, you’re essentially starving yourself. Your body doesn’t know your goal is to lose fat but retain muscle. There’s a healthier way to go about it: lift weights anywhere from three to five times a week and eat a high protein diet.

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During the first phase of a fat loss program, seeing results can occur pretty rapidly. But it’s almost inevitable that you’ll hit a plateau early on due to metabolic adaptations. You could exercise longer and eat even fewer calories, but that can result in losing focus, energy, and, inevitably, motivation.

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When you reach this point, taking a thermogenic may help kick start your progress! RAW Nutrition has formulated a weight loss aid called RAW Burn. It has everything fitness professionals say is needed to naturally increase energy, boost the body’s ability to burn fat, and dial- in focus, which is especially helpful during intense weightlifting and cardio sessions.

There’s sufficient evidence to show that ingredients in RAW Burn are effective at enhancing long-term thermogenesis and fat loss. The formula includes acetyl-L-carnitine, yohimbe HCL, caffeine, Lean GBB, garcinia cambogia, and glucomannan. To improve focus, RAW Burn also contains L-tyrosine and inositol.

RAW Nutrition is one of the newest brands in the supplement industry. The company launched in 2020 and we’ve already covered several products. Each one, we believe, has something that makes it stand out from the competition. Keep reading for more information about RAW Burn and sign up for RAW Nutrition news and deal alerts down below!

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RAW Burn Ingredient Analysis

For the best results, RAW Nutrition recommends taking one serving of RAW Burn on an empty stomach first thing in the morning. But if you need extra energy before a workout, you can use RAW Burn as a pre-workout substitute too.

It’s important to note that glucomannan, an ingredient in RAW Burn, thickens after it’s mixed with water. So the company recommends consuming RAW Burn immediately after adding water.

Here’s what one serving (17.2g) of RAW Burn provides:

  • Glucomannan 95% (from Konjac Root) (Amorphophallus Konjac) – 3.5g

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    It’s rare to see glucomannan in a thermogenic supplement. That’s because when the powder is mixed with water if it sits too long, it gets thick and pasty. Glucomannan is a fermentable, water-soluble fiber derived from konjac root, also known as Amorphophallus konjac.[1]

    Structurally, glucomannan is made up of a polysaccharide chain, including beta-D-glucose and beta-D-mannose, linked together by acetyl groups.[1] Interestingly, the body’s carbohydrate enzymes, such as amylase, have a difficult time breaking down glucomannan due to its chemical composition.[1] Therefore, the compound remains mostly unchanged as it flows through the gastrointestinal system until it reaches the colon (large intestine), where it undergoes fermentation.[1]

    Since glucomannan has such a high molecular weight, it’s considered one of the most vicious dietary fibers.[1] As a result, glucomannan can be taken in smaller amounts and users will still see effects similar to other types of fiber.[1] In regards to weight loss, the theory is that glucomannan’s bulking properties and low-energy density help improve satiety and displace energy from other nutrients.[1]

    Furthermore, research shows that glucomannan may decrease low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and total cholesterol levels by encouraging fecal excretion of cholesterol and bile acids and reduced absorption of cholesterol in the intestines.[1] Some studies have found positive effects of using glucomannan to help facilitate weight loss, while others have not.[1,2] We would like to see more studies conducted to further extrapolate whether glucomannan is effective for weight loss.

  • Acetyl-L-Carnitine – 3g

    Acetyl-L-carnitine (ALCAR) is the acetylated form of L-carnitine, a molecule that’s synthesized by the body using two essential amino acids, lysine, and methionine.

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    L-carnitine is a popular ingredient for fat burning supplements due to the role it plays in metabolizing fatty acids. In order to break down triglycerides and use them to create energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), L-carnitine transports fatty acids to the mitochondria for oxidation

    Thus, supplementing with extra L-carnitine may help the body burn fat more efficiently since a greater amount of L-carnitine is available to speed up the process.[3] There are various forms of supplemental L-carnitine, but ALCAR, in particular, can cross the blood-brain barrier, so it offers cognitive-boosting benefits as well.[3-6]

    ALCAR can increase acetylcholine levels by donating its acetyl group to choline in the brain. Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter that’s involved in numerous physiological functions. Researchers have found that ALCAR can prevent cognitive decline, improve brain synaptic response and learning ability, and express neuroprotective, antidepressant, and neurotrophic properties.[3-6]

  • L-Tyrosine – 3g

    To heighten focus, even more, RAW Burn contains 3 grams of PricePlow’s preferred form of supplemental tyrosine, L-tyrosine. Tyrosine is a non-essential amino acid, meaning that the body can synthesize it endogenously rather than getting it from dietary sources or supplementation. However, tyrosine supplementation still affords some benefits.

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    Tyrosine is a very popular ingredient in dietary supplements, including pre-workouts, gaming supplements, and nootropics. It’s known for enhancing alertness, focus, mood, and mental energy by increasing the production of three important neurotransmitters: norepinephrine, epinephrine, and dopamine.[7]

    As we discussed previously in the ALCAR section, neurotransmitters are crucial for cell-to-cell interactions, signaling, and carrying out physiological processes. By conducting neurotransmitters, the central nervous system can communicate with the peripheral nervous system. During extreme dieting and intense exercise, these neurotransmitters get depleted, resulting in decreased performance. As a result, supplementing with L-tyrosine can help delay or prevent the depletion of neurotransmitters.

    Norepinephrine and epinephrine are two catecholamines (hormones) that play an important role in the sympathetic nervous system (SNS). They’re activated in times of stress. The SNS is where the fight-or-flight response originates. It’s one way the brain responds to stressful situations. The same hormones are also triggered when performing intense exercise. They’re responsible for increasing lipolysis, blood glucose levels, heart rate, and decreasing digestion.

    Dopamine is known as the “feel-good” neurotransmitter. It’s linked to feelings of pleasure, motivation, mood, and reward. Research has shown that supplementing with L-tyrosine leads to improved cognitive function and performance and assists with overcoming stressful events.[7]

  • Inositol – 2g

    Inositol, also known as myo-inositol, is a carbocyclic sugar that’s heavily concentrated in the brain and participates in several cognitive and bodily functions, including maintaining cells’ structural integrity, osmoregulation, and cell signaling in response to hormones, neurotransmitters, and growth factors.[8,9]

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    Some researchers have found that inositol supplementation can lead to significant metabolic improvements via reduced blood pressure and triglyceride levels, along with enhanced insulin sensitivity and HDL “good” cholesterol.[10]

    What inositol is most known for, though, is its cognitive boosting properties. The sugar plays an important role in the phosphatidylinositol (PI) cycle, a secondary messaging system that helps transmit signals between neurons.[9] Therefore, having enough inositol available is crucial for ensuring the brain can fire at full capacity.

    There’s even some evidence that low levels of inositol are associated with depression and anxiety. That’s because the compound helps balance serotonin and dopamine levels.[11] While we’ve never seen inositol in a thermogenic formula before, its cognitive-enhancing benefits have earned it a place in RAW Burn.

  • Garcinia Cambogia Extract (fruit rind) (50% Hydroxycitric Acid (HCA)) – 1g

    Garcinia cambogia extract is derived from the fruit rind. In RAW Burn, the ingredient is standardized to contain at least 50% of its main bioactive constituent, hydroxy citric acid (HCA).

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    Garcinia cambogia is often touted for its weight-loss promoting properties, but it also has several health benefits. Its bioactive constituent, HCA, expresses anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antidiabetic, hypolipidemic, anticholinesterase, and hepatoprotective activities.[12] Some research suggests that HCA works by inhibiting the adenosine triphosphate citrate lyase enzyme involved in synthesizing triglycerides, cholesterol, and fatty acids.[12]

    Researchers from the Tshwane University of Technology in South Africa reported that garcinia cambogia facilitates fat loss by reducing the appetite, increasing fatty acid oxidation, and decreasing lipogenesis.[12] They also found that garcinia cambogia demonstrated an ability to boost insulin sensitivity, which led to improved blood sugar control and increased satiety.[12]

    It’s great that RAW Burn lists the exact standardization of HCA because this meta-review noted that 50 to 60% HCA content seems to yield the most significant health benefits.[12]

  • Cirsium Oligophyllum Extract (whole plant) – 750mg

    Cirsium oligophyllum extractis an edible herb that’s native to East Asia and belongs to the thistle family. Cirsium oligophyllum extract possesses potent antioxidant properties due to its rich concentration of flavonoids. Preliminary research suggests that it has the potential to be very effective in promoting fat loss.

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    A study published in the International Journal of Biological Sciences found that Cirsium oligophyllum extract exhibited lipolysis-enhancing activity in subcutaneous adipose tissue, which is typically less responsive to hormones than visceral adipose tissue.

    Furthermore, the effects of Cirsium oligophyllum were exacerbated with the addition of caffeine. The study also found that Cirsium oligophyllum boosts lipolysis by a mechanism that involves the beta-adrenergic receptor, which affects body fat mass.[13]

    It’s important to note that this study was conducted on mice and was purely concerned with the mechanism of action responsible for Cirsium oligophyllum’s lipolysis-promoting activities. Human clinical trials would shed more light on whether it’s an effective weight-loss ingredient.

  • Green Coffee Bean Extract (std. to contain 50% Chlorogenic Acids) – 500mg

    Green coffee bean extract (GCE) is derived from green or raw coffee.[14] Chlorogenic acid is a polyphenol that presents in a variety of plant species, particularly green coffee bean extract. Research shows that CGA expresses anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, anti-obesity, antioxidant, and anti-carcinogenic properties. And some evidence suggests that CGA affects the regulation of lipid and glucose metabolism.[14]

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    A systematic review published in the journal Gastroenterology Research and Practice revealed that GCE decreased the absorption of glucose in the intestine and reduced the accumulation of hepatic triglycerides. Researchers hypothesized that GCE downregulates fatty acid and cholesterol synthesis while boosting fatty acid oxidation.[14]

    A study from 2014 published in Phytotherapy Research found that CGAs helped liberate free fatty acids from human adipose tissue with or without caffeine. This finding suggests that CGAs can help free-up fatty acids and use them for fuel, thus aiding weight loss.[15] In summary, there’s a good amount of evidence to suggest GCE can increase fat loss and regulate blood glucose levels.

  • Natural Caffeine (from Green Tea) – 150mg

    Not only is caffeine great for enhancing physical and mental energy, but it’s also great for fat loss. Rather than synthetic caffeine, such as caffeine anhydrous, green tea in RAW Nutrition delivers a modest dose (150 milligrams) of natural caffeine. It’s enough to get you going, but not so much that it will leave you feeling stimmed out of your mind.

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    Caffeine is one of the most widely used drugs around the world and it dominates several categories in the dietary supplement industry. It’s extremely effective for promoting weight loss since it increases thermogenesis, intensifies energy levels, and suppresses appetite.[16-18]

    Caffeine expresses its positive effects by inhibiting phosphodiesterase, an enzyme that breaks down a secondary messenger called cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), and adenosine, a nucleoside that causes a down-regulation of neural activity, which leads to fatigue.[16,17]

    In regards to enhancing thermogenesis, we’re most concerned about caffeine’s ability to maintain adequate levels of cAMP because it’s heavily involved in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Therefore, even at rest, higher levels of cAMP help the body burn more calories by upregulating energy substrate metabolism.[18] Not to mention, the extra energy boost from caffeine further increases caloric expenditure throughout the day.

  • L-Theanine – 150mg

    One of the more unique features of RAW Burn is the 1:1 ratio of caffeine to L-theanine. This dynamic duo is common in pre-workouts since studies have shown that they synergistically enhance alertness, focus, and cognitive function.[19] But even though they work well together, we rarely see the duo in a thermogenic. So if RAW Burn hits a little differently than other fat burners, this may be why.

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    Theanine is an amino acid derivative of the proteinogenic amino acids L-glutamine and L-glutamate that are present in several plants—most notably tea leaves. Theanine contains a high concentration of flavonoids, which are attributed to its calming properties.

    What makes theanine so unique is that it can induce relaxation without causing drowsiness. It’s even capable of taking the “edge” off of caffeine, which is really beneficial for anyone who experiences anxiety or jitters from the stimulant.[19,20]

    A randomized control trial published in Nutrients found that L-theanine supplementation has the potential to promote mental health in subjects with cognitive impairments and those under duress.[20] In regard to fat loss, this is a significant finding because increasing exercise while decreasing caloric intake at the same time can be a major stressor on the body.

    When someone experiences chronic stress (and especially high levels), it’s not uncommon for them to hit a plateau or stop losing weight.

  • Lean GBB (Gamma butyrobetaine) – 40mg

    The first trademarked ingredient in RAW Burn is Lean GBB, a high-quality form of gamma butyrobetaine developed by NutraCap Labs, LLC.

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    Lean GBB is often referred to as a “carnitine’s replacement” because gamma butyrobetaine is a naturally occurring molecule that’s converted into L-carnitine after absorption.[21] Therefore, Lean GBB is an effective way to increase your body’s L-carnitine stores.

    With RAW Burn, users are getting solid doses of acetyl-L-carnitine and Lean GBB, so there’s no way for carnitine levels to be stagnant after a few servings. A few clinical trials have found that supplementing with GBB can result in nearly doubling plasma carnitine levels, with a 300% increase in carnitine excretion.[21,22]

    In addition, GBB is also known for turning up the heat because it makes users sweat more than normal. This is an ingredient that you will really feel working once the perspiration kicks in.

    Lastly, there’s some evidence that GBB induces vasodilation (expansion of the blood vessels) and allows blood to flow more efficiently.[23]

  • Yohimbine HCL – 2.5mg

    Yohimbine HCL is an ingredient that some people absolutely love and others would rather do without due to its potential to cause anxiety. The negative effect is dose-dependent and at 2.5 milligrams, most gym-goers shouldn’t be too fazed. If this is your first time trying yohimbine HCL, you may want to start with half a serving to assess your reaction.

    Next to caffeine, yohimbine is one of the most known ingredients in the fat burner and weight loss category because of its ability to suppress appetite, increase energy, and boost fatty acid oxidation by helping free fatty acids that are stored in adipose tissue.[24,25] Yohimbine HCL expresses its effects by blocking alpha-2-adrenergic receptors.[24]

    There are several forms of yohimbine but RAW Nutrition chose yohimbine HCL because the addition of hydrochloric acid enhances bioavailability. Along with 150 milligrams of caffeine, 2.5 milligrams of yohimbine HCL will further amp-up users for a workout.

  • Bioperine (Black Pepper Fruit Extract) – 5mg

    Bioperine is a trademarked form of black pepper fruit extract (Piper nigrum) from Sabinsa Corp. It’s standardized to contain at least 95% of its primary bioactive constituent, piperine.[26]

    Bioperine

    Bioperine is the trusted, trademarked form of black pepper extract that promises 95% or greater piperine, the part of black pepper with all the activity!

    Bioperine is becoming one of the most popular ingredients in the dietary supplement industry, and for a good reason. It enhances the absorption and bioavailability of numerous ingredients, including vitamins and minerals, turmeric, amino acids, and omega-3 fatty acids.[26]

    Bioperine works by increasing thermogenesis, altering efflux mechanisms, and inhibiting the P-glycoprotein, a plasma membrane protein that affects the transportation, distribution, and metabolism of various drugs.[26,27]

Available Flavors

In order to pack as many ingredients in RAW Burn as possible and set the dosages to the clinically-studied amounts, RAW Nutrition decided to go with a powder product. The first two flavors are tropical: Sweet Citrus and Peach Rings

Here’s an updated list of all available RAW Burn flavor variations:

    Elevate Your Results With Raw Nutrition

    RAW Nutrition was created by two guys who fell in love with helping others, Matt Jansen and Dr. Domenic Iacovone. They’ve been involved in the sports supplement industry for years and have gained the necessary experience to formulate products that actually deliver results. Regardless of your goals or what stage you’re at in your fitness journey, RAW Nutrition wants to show you how big of a difference proper supplementation can be.

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    Once you’ve nailed down the basics:— training, nutrition, stress management, and sleep— a few supplements, like a pre-workout, protein powder, or thermogenic, can really help you dial everything in. Remember, supplements only work if you do your part, whether you want to build muscle, burn fat, or hit a new personal record in the gym. But no one said it’s going to be easy. RAW Nutrition helps by providing solid products that get the blood flowing and cranks your motivation up to 10.

    If your goal is fat loss, then RAW Burn is an excellent supplement to add to your daily routine. On training days, take it pre-workout, and on non-training days, take it first thing in the morning to get you moving. Within a couple of weeks, once your nutrition and training are on point, then be prepared to see significant results.

    Subscribe below so you don’t miss out on RAW Nutrition news, deals, or reviews. If you want to try RAW Nutrition’s supplements, check out getrawnutrition.com for samples!

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    About the Author: Heather Jacques

    Heather Jacques

    Heather Jacques, AT, ATC, has a Bachelors of Science in Exercise Science with an emphasis in Athletic Training. She is a researcher, athletic trainer, and fitness enthusiast who is PricePlow’s Digital Content Manager. Heather constantly stays up to date with the latest scientific literature in order to provide the best information for the readers.

    Heather’s goal is to educate, empower, and give people the tools to reach their fitness and health related goals. There are far too many myths out there and Heather is here to provide the truth.

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    References

    1. Keithley, JK et al. “Safety and Efficacy of Glucomannan for Weight Loss in Overweight and Moderately Obese Adults.” Journal of Obesity vol. 2013 (2013): 610908. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3892933/
    2. Onakpoya, I. et al. “The Efficacy of Glucomannan Supplementation in Overweight and Obesity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials.” Journal of the American College of Nutrition vol. 33,1 (2014): 70-8. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24533610/
    3. Sahlin, K. “Boosting Fat Burning With Carnitine: An Old Friend Comes Out from the Shadow.” Journal of Physiology vol. 589,Pt 7 (2011): 1509-10. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3099008/
    4. Ando S, et al. Oct. 15, 2001. Enhancement of Learning Capacity and Cholinergic Synaptic Function by Carnitine in Aging Rats; Journal of Neuroscience Research https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11592123
    5. Traina, Giovanna. Jun 1, 2016. “The Neurobiology of Acetyl-L-Carnitine.” Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition); U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27100509
    6. Passeri, M, et al. 1990. “Acetyl-L-Carnitine in the Treatment of Mildly Demented Elderly Patients.” International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology Research; U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2201659
    7. Attipoe, S. et al. July 2015. “Tyrosine for Mitigating Stress and Enhancing Performance in Healthy Adult Humans, a Rapid Evidence Assessment of the Literature.” Military Medicine. Volume 180, Issue 7. Pages 754–765. https://academic.oup.com/milmed/article/180/7/754/4160625#101253256
    8. Michell, RH. Mar. 25, 1975. “Inositol Phospholipids and Cell Surface Receptor Function.” Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta; U.S. National Library of Medicine; 25 Mar. 1975; https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/164246
    9. Levine, J. May 1997. “Controlled Trials of Inositol in Psychiatry.” European Neuropsychopharmacology: The Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology. U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/9169302
    10. Giordano, D. et al. 2011. “Effects of Myo-Inositol Supplementation in Postmenopausal Women With Metabolic Syndrome: A Perspective, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study.” Menopause (New York, N.Y.) vol. 18,1: 102-4; https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20811299/
    11. Barkai, A. et al, Feb. 1978. “Reduced Myo-Inositol Levels in Cerebrospinal Fluid from Patients with Affective Disorder.” Biological Psychiatry; U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/623854
    12. Semwal, RB et al. Apr. 2015. “A Comprehensive Scientific Overview of Garcinia Cambogia.” Fitoterapia 102:134-48. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25732350/
    13. Mori, S. et al. 2009. “Body Fat Mass Reduction and Up-Regulation of Uncoupling Protein by Novel Lipolysis-Promoting Plant Extract.” International Journal of Biological Sciences vol. 5,4 (2009): 311-8. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2677732/
    14. Onakpoya, I. et al. 2011. “the Use of Green Coffee Extract as a Weight Loss Supplement: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Clinical Trials.”Gastroenterology Research and Practice vol. 2011: 382852; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2943088/
    15. Flanagan, J. et al. 2014.”Lipolytic Activity of Svetol, a Decaffeinated Green Coffee Bean Extract.”; Phytotherapy Research: PTR vol. 28,6 (2014): 946-8. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24338784/
    16. Nehlig A, Daval JL, Debry G. May-Aug. 1992. “Caffeine aNd the Central Nervous System: Mechanisms of Action, Biochemical, Metabolic and Psychostimulant Effects” Brain Research Brain Research Reviews 1992;17(2):139-170.https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1356551/
    17. Goldstein, E.R., Ziegenfuss, T., Kalman, D. et al. Jan. 27, 2010 “International Society of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: Caffeine and Performance.”; Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 7, 5 (2010). https://jissn.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1550-2783-7-5
    18. Diepvens, K., et al. 2007 “Obesity And Thermogenesis Related to the Consumption of Caffeine, Ephedrine, Capsaicin, and Green Tea.” American Journal of Physiology. https://journals.physiology.org/doi/full/10.1152/ajpregu.00832.2005
    19. Owen, GN, et al. Aug. 2008. “The Combined Effects of L-Theanine and Caffeine on Cognitive Performance and Mood.” Nutritional Neuroscience; U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18681988
    20. Hidese, S. et al. Oct. 3, 2109. “Effects of L-Theanine Administration on Stress-Related Symptoms and Cognitive Functions in Healthy Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial.” Nutrients vol. 11,10 2362. 3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6836118/
    21. Charles J. et al. Dec. 1989. “Utilization of Dietary Precursors for Carnitine Synthesis in Human Adults.”; The Journal of Nutrition, Volume 119, Issue 12, 1. Pages 1907–1913. https://academic.oup.com/jn/article-abstract/119/12/1907/4738183
    22. Olson, AL et al. “γ-Butyrobetaine Hydroxylase Activity is Not Rate Limiting for Carnitine Biosynthesis in the Human Infant.” The Journal of Nutrition, Volume 117, Issue 6, 1 June 1987, Pages 1024–1031. https://academic.oup.com/jn/article-abstract/117/6/1024/4768474
    23. Sjakste, N. et al. 2004. “Endothelium- and Nitric Oxide-Dependent Vasorelaxation Activities of Gamma-Butyrobetaine Esters: Possible Link to the Anti Ischemic Activities of Mildronate.”; European Journal of Pharmacology vol. 495,1 (2004): 67-73. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15219822/
    24. Szemeredi, K., et al. Feb. 22, 1991. “Simultaneous Measurement of Plasma and Brain Extracellular Fluid Concentrations of Catechols after Yohimbine Administration in Rats.” Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports, U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2054662
    25. Callahan, M F, et al. Apr. 1984. “Yohimbine and Rauwolscine Reduce Food Intake of Genetically Obese (Obob) and Lean Mice.” Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports. U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/6145164
    26. Sabinsa Corp. “BioPerine Research Highlight.” 2020. https://www.bioperine.com/index.php/researchhighlight
    27. Sabinsa Corp. “BioPerine Mechanisms of Action.” 2020. https://www.bioperine.com/index.php/mechanismsofactions

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