Best BCAA Supplement Buyers Guide with 2018’s Top 10

Best BCAA Supplement

What’s the Best BCAA Supplement… for YOU? Turns out that the best ones for most of us are the ones with all of the EAAs alongside the BCAAs!

So many BCAA supplements… only so many you can try! PricePlow’s got you covered in this guide.

When hunting for the best BCAA supplement (or best intra-workout / amino acid supplement), there was never a single good resource out there… until now.

Why you should ignore those “other” lists

We made this page because most of the lists out there are either complete spam or are easily-gamed “best seller” lists at stores.

They don’t take into account any of your preferences… but who knows what you want better than you do? It’s tough to simply look at these products and determine what BCAA supplement is “best”, because we all have different goals, and there are so many of them.

So below is a guide your tastes, athletic needs, dosing, and budget. But don’t worry, we still have a Top 10 BCAA supplements list that you can see – but that’s our personal preference.

Choose your own adventure!

Before we recommend anything, we ask a few questions in blue. We’ll then explain the question, and you click the red button with the answer that works best for you.

Once we have enough info, we’ll make a few recommendations for your needs and show you our price comparisons (this is what we do here at PricePlow, if you’re new here).

Consider this the ultimate BCAA buyer’s guide – customized just for you.

Get started here:

Question “0”: Take the personalized guide or see our top 10 list?

Most users like the personalized guides, but some people just want to see our top 10 list after all. You can choose below:

The guide begins below:

Choice 1: “Gains” or “Losses”

Over time, we’ve found that users on this page fall into one of two categories: building muscle (ie. “making gains” – usually by weight lifting), or dieting (ie. weight loss, often assisted by some extra cardio).

Question 1: Are you most looking to build muscle via weight lifting or lose weight

Quick commentary:

  • Weight lifters should be interested in sustaining their pumps and keeping strength high throughout their workouts, so we’re going to look for extra L-Citrulline and any other nitric oxide boosters to keep the pre workout raging. Carbs are good in this context.

  • Dieters who want to lose weight need to focus on keeping the muscle tone. You’ll likely be interested in a bare-bones BCAA product that has BCAAs, electrolytes, and maybe just a couple other aminos that show muscle-sparing promise for dieters. In the diet section we’ll discuss avoiding blood sugar spiking ingredients too.

  • Bulking / Build Muscle / Lifting

    Good pick — it’s always bulking season here! Finally, we need to talk about carbs.

    A ton of people are what we call “carbophobes”, yet most people need them to build muscle and recover quickly.[24,25] And even if you’re a low-carber, when lifting, your carbs are probably best placed during and immediately surrounding your workout anyway – carb-timing (especially for low-carbers) is key.[26,27,28,29]

    With that said, the majority of products do not have appreciable amounts of carbs. So take a look at both options, and remember that you can always easily add a cheap carb source to your BCAAs if you want to stay flexible with a carb-free one.

    So at this point, it’s up to you to decide:

    Question 2: Do you want carbs or no carbs in your BCAA supplement?

    • Zero-carb BCAA Supplements

      Easiest decision ever:

      1. 3. Muscle Elements AmiNO Flow
        The Best BCAA for Weight Lifters

        If you’re lifting, this is the place to be – end of story. Click the image for the best deal online!

        Let’s be real here: you’re here to LIFT. And Muscle Elements answers the call for that, because this product is a weight lifter’s dream.

        AmiNO Flow™ is the first supplement to qualify as an “Amino-Oxide”. This a new category that combines 5g of amino acids and a whole host of nitric oxide boosters.

        We’ve put it here for one main reason: insanely sustained pumps and strength all the way through your workout (and possibly into the rest of the day!)

        Other products utilize maybe one NO boosting ingredient, but put them in paltry doses. Muscle Elements’ AmiNO Flow delivers a product that uses a system of proven N.O. boosters and BCAAs to enhance your muscle building endeavors.

        There’s no citrulline malate here. It’s straight up nitric oxide inducing l-citrulline for maximum strength.

        Meanwhile, the 250mg extra agmatine will further top off the pumps from any pre workout supplement you’re taking, grape seed extract supports increased vasodilation, and taurine helps with the cell hydration – basically hitting all angles!

        If you don’t believe us, just watch Chris swell up in our PreCre review below. We loaded him up with PreCre (a top pre workout), but he was literally put over the top with AmiNO Flow as well:

        What’s even better is that because of these ingredients, AmiNO Flow can even be used as a stimulant-free pre-workout supplement. This is handy if you’re working out late and want your pumps earlier on. It’s that versatile, and that’s why it’s the best BCAA product for lifters.

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        AmiNO Flow Ingredients

        The AmiNO Flow Ingredients. Thing of beauty she is… are you ready for this kind of pump though?

        Our AmiNO Flow Review (Stacked with PreCre)
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      2. 2. NutraBio Intra Blast
        NutraBio Intra Blast

        Intra Blast is a fully loaded BCAA / EAA drink from NutraBio that not only enhances your performance but also speeds recovery.

        Intra Blast is a behemoth intra workout supplement with 7.2g of BCAAs, a ton of EAAs, and a serious 2g of betaine (which has been linked to power, size, and strength gains at 2.5g doses).

        The betaine is what put Intra Blast on this part of the list, but the EAAs are what put it over the edge — NutraBio included some that other companies fear using because they’re notoriously hard to flavor. Not to worry, though, the passion fruit is extremely good and light, without too much filler!

        If you haven’t heard of NutraBio, you should definitely check them out. They do three incredibly cool things you won’t see from other brands:

        1. Full label disclosure – NutraBio has what we call “110% open formulas” – they even disclose the amount of flavoring and sweetener used in their products!
        2. Third-party lab testing on all batches – so you know exactly what you’re getting!
        3. No artificial coloring. They only use natural colors!

        All in all, these whopping formulas and fantastic “add-ons” make them a hit on nearly every Top 10 list we have!

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        NutraBio Intra Blast Ingredients

        Intra Blast contains a whopping 7.2g dose of BCAAs as part of its 10g EAA maxtrix, which supports muscle building and recovery.

        Our Intra Blast Review
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      3. 1. Performax Labs IntraMax
        Performax Labs IntraMax

        Too few people know about Performax Labs IntraMax, but it has nearly everything a weight lifter wants!

        Hell’s bells, look at this here label!! A few years when we originally wrote this article, we were fawning all over AmiNO Flow as the weight lifters intra workout supplement… but this is a whole new level!

        First, let’s be clear that this isn’t exactly a “BCAA supplement”, since it’s actually using hydrolyzed whey protein to get it’s BCAA and EAA content. iForce Nutrition was once a favorite of this, but IntraMax takes it to a whole new level. Just in case the 6g EAA blend wasn’t enough, they’ve added another 3g of mTOR stimulating Leucine!

        Then come the hydration-based pumps — a trifecta combination of taurine, GlycerPump (65% glyerol powder, a new competitor to HydroMax), and some additional electrolytes.

        But the difference-maker here is that anyone looking for gains will be happy to see that your ‘minimum’ daily dose of creatine – 3g – is inside, as is the clinically studied 2.5g of betaine, so you won’t need to worry about those elsewhere.

        From their pre workout HyperMax to their top-rated nootropic in NootropiMax and now IntraMax, Performax Labs’ rebrand in late 2017 was a knockout. Get in on it here!

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        Performax Labs IntraMax

        IntraMax uses hydrolyzed whey as it’s EAA source, but adds in more leucine, hydration-based pump agents, and ergogenics to give you a very well-rounded intra workout – especially for weight training!

      [This marks the end of the weight-lifter’s zero-carb section. You can click the back button to see where other answers take you.]

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    • BCAA Supplements with Carbs

      There aren’t a ton of carb-based BCAA supplements, but we’re big fans of the ones below. What you want may actually come down to the amount of carbs!

      1. 3. Outbreak Nutrition Antidote
        Outbreak Nutrition Antidote

        Outbreak Nutrition has the Antidote for your workout soreness

        You haven’t heard of Outbreak Nutrition yet? This crazy cool company is all about survival after the apocalypse – you won’t find a single fitness item on their website! Just look at that product packaging!

        Antidote is their BCAA/EAA supplement, and it’s got a far lower number of carbs, which may appeal to those of you who want some simple straight dextrose (6g) but not too much.

        The supplement is quite simple – 6g dextrose, 5g InstAminos BCAA (2:1:1), and 1g of EAA. Outbreak decided to skip the tryptophan inside of that EAA blend, but went higher on the lysine, a ketogenic amino acid.

        Finally, a bit of ActiGin has been added, which may speed up glycogen recovery rate, amongst other benefits.

        If you’re tired of the same old brands with the same old packaging and the same old carb-free formulas, then it’s time to check out Outbreak Nutrition and take the Antidote to your training soreness.

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        Outbreak Nutrition Antidote Ingredients

        Antidote sports 5g BCAA, 1g EAA, 6g carbs from dextrose, and some ActiGin to ‘activate’ it all!

        Our Outbreak Nutrition Antidote Review
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      2. 2. Prime Nutrition Intra-Elite
        Prime Nutrition Intra-Elite

        Prime Nutrition Intra-Elite stuns the crowd with 30g of ultra-high-quality HBCD, the top workout carb!

        You asked for carbs, you got em!

        Intra-Elite comes with a whopping 30 grams of high-quality, strength-blasting HBCD, short for highly-branched cyclic dextrin. This is easily our favorite workout carb, and although it’s pricey, it definitely gets the job done!

        Outside of that, you have a solid and respectable BCAA/EAA formula, all open so you can see the 5g BCAAs alongside the >3g EAA!

        To boost pumps and endurance, there’s a combination of citrulline malate and taurine, and just a gram of glutamine so not too much space is wasted on that.

        Overall, this heavy 48g scoop is where the big boys come out and play – if you’ve never tried HBCD, get ready for your new favorite carb right here!

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        Prime Nutrition Intra-Elite Ingredients

        You asked for carbs, you got em… and a whole lot more too!

      3. 1. Primeval Labs IntraCell 7
        Primeval Labs Intracell 7

        Primeval Labs overhauled their intra workout Intracell 7 and it now includes EAAs.

        This is the intra workout supplement with carbs to try. Primeval Labs updated their popular product (also known as Jerry Ward’s “BIOS3 IntraCell 7”) in early 2018, and with a bit of added EAAs and a second carb source, it’s better than ever!

        You’ve got a three-pronged workout assault with IntraCell 7 in every two scoop serving:

        • 4.82g BCAA / EAA combo (our guess is 4g BCAA)
        • 22g carbs from 10g HBCD (Highly-Branched Cyclic Dextrin), or Cluster Dextrin and 10g Palatinose — these are by far our two favorite workout carbs. The additional two carbs likely come from the flavor system and a dash from the glycerol.
        • Pumps! You have hydration pumps from GlycerPump glycerol and taurine, combined with a gram of agmatine.

        Fact is, most people here are looking for gains, and they’re doing it by lifting. So why not give everything a lifter needs – carbs, cell hydration, and more nitric oxide pumps and strength?! Fantastic formula.

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        Primeval Labs Intracell 7

        Intracell 7 now boasts a full spectrum of EAAs in addition to Glycerpump and two forms of intra workout carbohydrates.

        Our BIOS3 IntraCell 7 Review
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      [This marks the end of the weight-lifter’s carb section. Click the back button to see the zero carb area – You can always add carbs into one of those as well!

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  • The Best BCAAs for Weight Loss

    Keeping a high-enough (but not too high) daily protein intake is on you, but here’s here’s the truth: despite what may or may not be on the label, BCAAs do count as protein calories – 4 calories per gram! This isn’t a huge deal if you only have a serving per day while training, but it’s still something to add to your calorie tracker.

    When it comes to fat loss, blood sugar management is one of the most important things you can focus on. And the good news is that BCAAs don’t spike blood sugar too much – especially since leucine, the primary BCAA, is actually ketogenic and cannot be directly converted to glucose by the liver!

    The bad news it that many of the other ingredients in BCAA supplements can contribute to blood sugar spikes – especially glutamine and citrulline, which we’ll avoid. So in this area, we stay away from those and just want some straight BCAAs to keep our muscles satisfied while training, maybe with some support ingredients that can help more than hurt.

    Final question:

    Question 2: Do you want a caffeine-free BCAA or caffeine in your aminos?

    We call the energy-based BCAA supplements “energy aminos”, and they’re often great to sip on throughout the day for some extra energy, especially for dieters on a caloric deficit.

    Most people here will stick with the tried-and-true standard BCAAs though:

    • Best BCAA Supplements for Weight Loss

      Again, realize that BCAAs have calories, so technically speaking, you can “gain weight” with them. But we’re trying to shift you away from sugar and more towards proteins to keep your muscles around!

      As with the rest of this guide, over time we’ve evolved to enjoy BCAA supplements that include a full range of essential amino acids to keep muscle protein synthesis at a high.

      In the weight loss section, we merely want to keep the blood sugar spiking amino acids out of the picture.

      1. 3. MAN Sports ISO-Amino
        MAN Sports ISO-Amino Review

        It only takes three words to cover our ISO-Amino Review. Man NAILED it with this stuff.

        MAN Sports launched ISO-Amino in a time when everyone was adding a ton of glutamine and citrulline malate to their BCAA formulas. And while that’s good for some people, the honest truth is that it may not be best for others, as discussed above.

        So they released this ‘plain’ BCAA with nothing in it but BCAAs, and that’s sometimes exactly what weight loss dieters want.

        But that’s not what made this product so popular – not by a long shot. MAN Sports also revolutionized the entire industry with their candy flavors in ISO-Amino, and things have never been the same ever since.

        Time after time, they’ve come out with so many fantastic flavors for ISO-Amino, it’s tough to keep up. Everyone has their favorite, and everyone has their least favorite. They were even one of the first to have sour BCAAs, modeled after Sour Patch Kids!

        We can go on about the flavors, but the point is, if you just want a 2:1:1 BCAA powder without any of the glucogenic nonsense added to others, MAN Sports ISO-Amino is where it’s at.

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        MAN Sports ISO-Amino Ingredients

        MAN Sports ISO-Amino Ingredients – as simple as it gets!

      2. 2. PES Amino IV
        PES Amino IV

        PES Amino IV is front-loaded with leucine, then backloaded with a prop blend of taurine and an undisclosed amount of EAAs

        PES Amino IV has been reformulated since we originally created this guide, but both times it’s been in the weight loss / cardio section.

        With their latest formulation, they did us a massive favor and “unburied” their dosage of leucine, which is 5g. As a ketogenic amino acid that won’t spike blood sugar, this is the amino you want the most of.

        After that come the EAAs (which include the other two BCAAs, isoleucine and valine), but not before some taurine. Unfortunately, that part is in a proprietary blend, but the point is that we have tons of leucine here – more than nearly every other supplement we’ve tested – and not too much ‘nonsense’ that we dieters don’t really need, like glutamine or citrulline.

        The biggest reason that this has been removed from the top slot is because the HICA was removed in the formulation, and we thought that was great for diets. But this is still a top-notch BCAA supplement to drink when training on a weight loss diet!

        On the flavors, in our review, they were nearly all incredible (orange dream was the winner)…

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        PES Amino IV Ingredients

        5g leucine and then 3.5g of taurine and the EAAs with no other nonsense? Yes!!

      3. 1. ProSupps HydroBCAA
        ProSupps HydroBCAA

        ProSupps reformulated their amino acid / hydration formulation HydroBCAA to now include all of the essential amino acids (EAAs).

        Another product with exactly what we want, but a more open formula!

        7g total BCAAs in a 2:1:1 ratio gets you a great start – this is more than we typically see – but where ProSupps is beating many of the other supplement companies out there is a full 3g of essential amino acids with nothing else in the way.

        Meanwhile, the taste is simply superb, as you can see in our review lower down, and this is obviously important because dieters need some flavor in their life!

        The reason they’ve got a proprietary blend here, or so they claim, is because the EAAs are notoriously difficult to flavor, and they had to do it just right to keep this flavor perfect. And while we don’t love prop blends, we do love good taste when dieting!

        ProSupps has truly been reinventing themselves, especially with their MyBar protein bar (not recommended to ‘clean eating’ dieters!) and HydroBCAA is part of that rebrand. Very well done.

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        ProSupps HydroBCAA Ingredients

        HydroBCAA contains 4 times the amount of EAAs as most other EAA formulas on the market… very nice!

        Our HydroBCAA Review
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    • The Best BCAA Energy Supplements (for Weight Loss)

      This is a category growing in popularity, but way too many of these products are poorly formulated. Either they don’t have enough BCAAs, or they’re loaded with glucogenic amino acids like glutamine, citrulline, alanine, and glycine, which spike blood sugar more than we’d like when tightly dieting.

      After eliminating those, the products left standing are below:

      1. 3. EVL BCAA Lean Energy
        EVL BCAA Lean Energy

        EVL BCAA Lean Energy provides a solid 5g dose of 2:1:1 BCAAs plus a host of ingredients to aid fat loss.

        It should come as no surprise that an energy amino formula that was designed for dieters made it in here!

        First, let us state that the originally BCAA Energy from EVL has one of the best tasting fruit punch flavors we’ve ever tried, and we’re assuming this one is just as good – although we haven’t had it yet.

        But what we like about BCAA Lean Energy is that it has some added ingredients that could help dieters – especially those who don’t eat meat nor dairy. We’re talking about CLA and Acetyl L-Carnitine. Meanwhile, there’s even 100mg Maca root extract, which could possibly help give you a bit of a feel-good boost (although it’s not a huge dose).

        The worse news come in the form of 1g of glucogenic (blood-sugar-spiking) amino acids in beta alanine and L-alanine. Beta alanine helps increase muscular endurance, and there’s only 500mg of it here, so not enough to make a huge dent in blood sugar, but could help you boost your carnosine stores just a bit to keep muscle fatigue down and workouts longer — but the real clinical dose is 3.2g, so this is just to help you get there.

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        EVL BCAA Lean Energy Ingredients

        BCAA Lean Energy contains 5g BCAAs plus CLA, ALCAR, and Maca to support weight loss and protein synthesis.

      2. 2. RedCon1 Breach Ballistic
        RedCon1 Breach Ballistic

        We love Breach (especially it’s pineapple banana flavor), but what about when you add energy?!

        Leave it to RedCon1 to join with a unique and well-formulated supplement. Breach Ballistic is the “energy” form of their Breach BCAA supplement, but true to RedCon1’s style, they added a good 500mg choline for some added focus. This ingredient also has some diet potential (albeit at higher doses), but if you’re on a caloric deficit, you may need to get more to make up for what you’re not eating!

        The energy blend comes from 50mg caffeine alongside 50mg dicaffeine malate (which is about 73% caffeine) and 50mg theobromine, so overall it’s a tad less energy than the above and below supplements.

        RedCon1 goes for cell hydration with Breach and Breach Ballistic, adding a gram of glycerol and a gram of taurine. The glycerol adds just a smidge of carbohydrate in there, but shouldn’t spike blood sugar enough to get worried about, which is why it’s on this list.

        Now here’s something else that’s awesome: high amounts of potassium and sodium, coming from coconut water powder. Dieters in a caloric deficit are often short on these – especially potassium – and if you are using this to train, you’ll get a seriously solid dose inside to help prevent any muscular fatigue that may occur!

        Overall, fantastic product to get through the diet hump… although some of us may like the total resultant caffeine to be at 100mg, as opposed to the 86.5mg inside.

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        RedCon1 Breach Ballistic Ingredients

        Additional choline for focus, electrolytes for dieters, and hydration agents – perfect! Dieters may have a super small concern over the glycerol, but not enough to scare us. We just wish there was a dash more caffeine than the 86.5mg here.

      3. 1. Nutrex Amino Charger +Energy
        Nutrex Amino Charger +Energy

        Nutrex has two versions of this supplement (+Energy and +Endurance), so make sure you get the +Energy one!

        Nutrex Research is very well known for their Lipo-6 fat burner series (speaking of weight loss), and they recently put out two forms of their BCAA supplement: Amino Charger +Energy and Amino Charger +Endurance. It’s the energy form that we’re going for here.

        The good news is that we have a full 6g of 2:1:1 BCAAs, which is well above average in the ‘energy aminos’ category.

        Energy-wise, we get 100mg caffeine (coming from caffeine citrate), as well as a bit of an energy boost from an undisclosed amount of TeaCrine, which will help the energy last longer.

        But inside of their 2g energy & amino complex blend, we have two ingredients that may be just so slightly off-setting for blood sugar management: Magnesium Glycinate Glutamine Chelate (MGC) and N-Acetyl L-Tyrosine.

        Since we know there’s 40mg magnesium in the supplement, and MGC is 10% magnesium (60% glutamine and 30% glyine), this leaves us with about 240mg glutamine and 120mg glycine. So about a third of a gram of this entire product can spike blood sugar (on top of the isoleucine and valine which can). Basically splitting hairs.

        So overall not too bad, and we love the energy blend and large amount of BCAAs, including the leucine. Nutrex is doing great things lately, and we’re happy they jumped into the energy aminos market!

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        Nutrex Amino Charger +Energy Ingredients

        Serious 6g dose of BCAAs, 100mg caffeine, and even some TeaCrine, yet there’s just a dash of glucogenic aminos in here, so blood sugar shouldn’t spike too much – exactly what we wanted here.

      [This marks the end of the energy section. You can click the back button to see where other answers take you.]

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Top 10 BCAA Supplements

You wanted our opinion, so here it is. This is an impossible list to put together – we can’t possibly try all 100+ BCAA powders, and different needs call for different powders (hence the guide up above).

You’ll notice that we break things into three categories that we love:

  • Stuff that’s absolutely loaded for intense workouts. This may cost more per workout though!
  • Products that are less expensive for cheap daytime sippin’
  • BCAAs that taste too good to ignore

Since first making this guide, the research has spoken, and we’re now usually on the lookout for full EAA-based formulas to help maximize muscle growth and retention.

Wait! Two Straight BCAA Options!

After making our top 10 list, we realized that all of the products below are massively-dosed. But what if you want just BCAAs?! This is the “Best BCAA” guide, after all.

In that case, here’s two options:

  1. MAN Sports ISO-Amino

    ISO-Amino

    Candy flavored aminos? YES!

    It’s been four years since MAN Sports revolutionized the entire industry with these! If you haven’t tried ISO-Amino and their candy flavors yet, you need to grab a couple tubs that you think will suit you best and prepare to be amazed!

    5g BCAAs, phenomenal candy flavors, no artificial colors. Perfect!

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  2. NutraBio BCAA 5000

    NutraBio BCAA 5000

    Third Party Tested for Trust!

    BCAA 5000 also has some great flavors (our favorite are strawberry kiwi and pina colada), and you get a ton for the money.

    But most importantly, NutraBio publishes third party testing on every batch they make now, so you can look up exactly what you’re getting and have 100% full trust.

    They also don’t ever use artificial colors – but they do use natural ones (like beet root extract). If you need a natural option, there’s NutraBio BCAA Natural Powder as well.

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And now for the official Top Ten “BCAA Supplement” List, which includes a whole lot more than just BCAAs:

  1. 10. RedCon1 Breach

    RedCon1 Breach

    RedCon1’s combat-ready BCAA and hydration support intra workout supplement: Breach.

    Although we’ve loved the industry’s move back towards EAA supplements, we’re starting out with one of our favorite BCAA supplements, and it’s for one epic reason: banana flavor!!

    RedCon1’s Breach comes in a “pineapple banana” flavor that is so good — at least to those of us who are fans of those banana Runts candies — that it’s a must-try if you’re bored of the same old fruity flavors.

    As for the rest of the supplement, RedCon1 is shooting for hydration, with a three-legged triangle of:

    • Glycerol
    • Taurine
    • Coconut Water Powder

    This adds a bit of extra ‘swell’ to your size. But even better, the coconut water powder adds a great portion of electrolytes, with both sodium and potassium at 7% of recommended daily values. It’s the potassium we’re thrilled about with that. But really, it’s that banana!! See our review below.

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    RedCon1 Breach Ingredients

    Breach contains not just a 5g dose of BCAAs, but a full complement of ingredient to support and enhance hydration and performance during your workouts.

    Our RedCon1 Breach Review

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  2. 9. ALR HumaPro

    HumaPro

    Is your protein powder or BCAA/EAA supplement being used efficiently by your body? ALRI says its not – but this one is.

    When he originally launched HumaPro, the late, great Author L. Rea of ALR Industries fame received tons of internet hate over what he was trying to do – create an amino acid formula that’s in proportion to what human bodies actually use.

    At the time, straight BCAAs were the thing – but as time has gone on, it turns out that Author was right.

    What you have here is a proprietary blend of amino acids — starting with the BCAAs – and then other EAAs mixed in a way that they’re used most by the body (or so the research claims). After the BCAAs is L-Lysine, which is a ketogenic amino acid too, so this should spike blood sugar a bit less than some other EAA formulas.

    The one weird thing is the way it’s marketed — as a “protein”. We ignore much of that – this is an amino acid / intra workout formula… and while yes, the macros count as protein, it’s not really a “protein powder” or “food supplement”.

    See the flavor panel below — some flavors are hit, but a few are also a miss!

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    PricePlow’s HumaPro flavor review with Sandy

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  3. 8. ALLDAYYOUMAY by Rich Piana’s 5% Nutrition

    Rich Piana ALLDAYYOUMAY

    ALLDAYYOUMAY is Rich Piana’s 2nd act to follow up with his pre workout KILL IT! Let’s see what he’s got in store for the masses!

    ALL DAY YOU MAY!!!

    The late, great, legendary Rich Piana did things spectacularly, and he did them big.

    With his amino acid formula, he decided to make a drink that you could put in your gallon jug (preferably a 5% Nutrition one!) and sip on all all day long!

    This has a 6g BCAA blend, but let’s be honest, the 155mg EAA blend really isn’t big enough to talk about. Then there’s a whole ton of other conditional and supporting amino acids, from the usless (L-glutamine) to the useful (L-Carnitine L-Tartrate, N-Acetyl Cysteine, and taurine).

    What we like is that there’s a bit of joint protection thrown in, and that they rely on a good blend of Creatinol-O-Phosphate, which may help act as a lactic acid buffer — just like the beta alanine that comes after it.

    What we really like is that the sweet tea flavor is second to none, and absolutely crushes it, as you’ll see in our review below!

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    RIch Piana ALLDAYYOUMAY Ingredients

    ALLDAY’s ingredient panel provides a heavy hit of amino acids and a few other unique perks, much like Rich himself.

    PricePlow’s ALLDAYYOUMAY Review

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  4. 7. Muscle Elements AmiNO Flow

    Best Branched Chain Amino Acid Supplement

    If you’re lifting, this is the place to be – end of story. Click the image for the best deal online!

    Let’s be honest with ourselves here. The majority of us here are here to lift, and we’re doing that because we’re here to get bigger and beef up.

    If that’s you, then meet AmiNO Flow – the true weight lifter’s BCAA supplement.

    Muscle Elements does a great job of mixing product categories to create something new, and what they’ve done here is created the world’s first “Amino Oxide” supplement, mashing two of our favorite things together to make a bombastic intra workout for lifters.

    This product is packed with enough nitric oxide boosters that it actually can stand on its own as a stimulant-free pre workout supplement. But when taken during your workout, it will give you such sustained pumps, you’re going to finish your workout far more impressively than you started out.

    If you catch yourself using a crappy pre workout supplement that doesn’t bring the pumps (lots of crack-in-a-bottle products with no pumps anymore), then AmiNO Flow can easily make up for that while you burn through your old tub.

    But if you take this while using Muscle Elements’ own PreCre pre workout… watch out!

    AmiNO Flow Ingredients

    Beast mode doesn’t even describe it

    on here?

    First, you have 5g of BCAAs in a 3:1:2 leucine-dominant blend, combined with 1g of taurine to help with cell hydration as you drink it.

    But the Pump & Transport Elements… that’s where the fun begins.

    It starts with 2g of straight l-citrulline (not citrulline malate), which is more than most pre workout supplements on their own provide! Welcome to pump city – even if you’re using an underdosed (or no) pre workout!

    Beyond that, there’s an added 250mg of agmatine sulfate, which will easily make up for so many of the pre workouts that only provide 500mg and need a kick. There isn’t a single other product discussed on this page with agmatine. It’s not needed during a workout, but we’re never going to say no to having it.

    After that, two amino acids, l-histidine and l-ornithine are in play, and both may indirectly boost nitric oxide levels a touch more. The great thing is that these aminos are in so few intra workout supplements, and they’re in even fewer pre workouts, so you’re going to get something you’re not used to here.

    Not done yet – the kicker is with additional grape seed extract, which functions as a vasodilator, and will improve blood flow throughout your body. More blood = more muscle pumps and more vascularity… and by the end of your workout, this stuff is going to seriously have you swollen – and that swole will last well beyond your workout!

    Lately, we’re choosing EAAs over these nitric oxide ingredients. But if it’s the added pumps you want, then you may not need to go any further!

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    Our AmiNO Flow Review (Stacked with PreCre)

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  5. 6. Outbreak Nutrition Antidote

    Outbreak Nutrition Antidote

    Outbreak Nutrition has the Antidote for your workout soreness

    Have you heard of Outbreak Nutrition? If not, buckle up – this insanely cool brand is about one thing: surviving the apocalpyse! In fact, you won’t find a single fitness item on their entire website… and just look at this crazy packaging!

    Anyway, Antidote is Outbreak’s BCAA/EAA supplement, and this one has some carbs for your performance. It’s not a huge amount, but it’s 6g straight dextrose, which tons of people looking to build muscle (the majority of this page) shouldn’t ignore. Even “carbophobes” should know that their (few) carbs are best taken during exercise.

    There’s nothing too complicated going on (you don’t have time for complexities when the world has ended) – just that 6g dextrose, 5g InstAminos BCAA (2:1:1), and 1g of EAA. Outbreak passed on the tryptophan inside of that EAA blend, but went higher on the lysine, a ketogenic amino acid.

    The last bit is with ActiGin, an “amplifier” ingreident which may speed up glycogen recovery rate, amongst other benefits.

    So if you’re bored of the same old brands with the same old Instagram models runnin the same selfies every day, then it’s time to take a look at Outbreak Nutrition and grab the Antidote to your training soreness.

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    Outbreak Nutrition Antidote Ingredients

    Antidote sports 5g BCAA, 1g EAA, 6g carbs from dextrose, and some ActiGin to ‘activate’ it all!

    Our Outbreak Nutrition Antidote Review

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  6. 5. Ghost Amino

    Ghost Amino

    It doesn’t take an art degree to tell the branding here is edgy and eye-catching.

    GHOST!

    Not only does this brand have the coolest looking labels, but they make sure what’s on the inside is fantastic as well. And we’re talking about some great flavors on top of the aminos!

    This open formula boasts 5g BCAA, a large open formula of EAAs, and plenty of supporting ingredients for added pumps and hydration.

    There’s even some added Alpha-GPC for focus (not a ton, but you’ll end up with 75mg more and there’s no complaint on that) and 5-HTP as a feel-good ingredient.

    The EAAs being hard to flavor, this is the one Ghost product that needs a bit of tinkering with, unfortunately. As the brand brings in licensed candy flavors to their other formulas, we’re hoping Ghost Amino will get that same treatment too.

    We always love what this brand is up to, and if you want a conversation starter, bring this tub ot the gym and people will be asking all about that colorful beast!

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    Ghost Amino Ingredients

    Ghost Amino has plenty of EAAs and hydration help alongside the BCAA

    Our GHOST Amino Review

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  7. 4. Primeval Labs IntraCell 7

    Primeval Labs Intracell 7

    Primeval Labs overhauled their intra workout Intracell 7 and it now includes EAAs.

    Another carb-based formula, and this one brings them a bit heavier! Also known as Jerry Ward’s “BIOS3 IntraCell 7”, Primeval Labs updated this in early 2018, adding in the EAAs and a second carb source, making it better than ever.

    Here’s the three-pronged attack you get with IntraCell 7 (in two scoops):

    • 4.82g BCAA / EAA combo (we think this is 4g BCAA)
    • 22g carbs from 10g Highly-Branched Cyclic Dextrin (“HBCD”) / Cluster Dextrin plus 10g Palatinose. Without a doubt, these are our two premier workout carbs. The other two carbs are probagbly from the flavor system plus a dash from glycerol.
    • More Pumps! On top of what the carbs will bring you, there are hydration-based pumps from GlycerPump glycerol and taurine, but then also a gram of agmatine.

    Lifters should all look into this supplement. We love the carbs, we love the pumps, we love the flavor. What is there to lose?! Grab it when you see a deal!

    Note: Many here may be disappointed to see that Primeval Labs EAA Max wasn’t on this list. It’s another great supplement from Primeval Labs and worth checking out if you don’t want so many carbs. But if you’re going to train hard, why not take the performance-enhancing carbs while you’re at it?!

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    Primeval Labs Intracell 7

    Intracell 7 now boasts a full spectrum of EAAs in addition to Glycerpump and two forms of intra workout carbohydrates.

    Our BIOS3 IntraCell 7 Review

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  8. 3. ProSupps HydroBCAA

    ProSupps HydroBCAA

    ProSupps reformulated their amino acid / hydration formulation HydroBCAA to now include all of the essential amino acids (EAAs).

    Another product with what we’ve been looking for. ProSupps has really reinvented themselves in the past year or so, and HydroBCAA’s reformulation was a big part of that!

    7g total BCAAs in a 2:1:1 ratio starts things off right – you’ll notice this is more than the above companies are providing. But they also give plenty of EAAs, in a full 3g of essential amino acids.

    Outside of that, there’s really nothing else in the way — and without stuff like citrulline and glutamine, those who are wishing to keep their blood sugar in control should look into this blend.

    Meanwhile, CJ and Robert have reported a phenomenal taste (watch the review below).

    Unfortunately some of those EAAs are in a proprietary blend, and ProSupps claims this is to protect the flavoring because EAAs are rough to deal with.

    If you haven’t seen ProSupps lately, check this out, but also look into MyBar if you want a an absolutely delicious protein bar!

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    ProSupps HydroBCAA Ingredients

    HydroBCAA contains 4 times the amount of EAAs as most other EAA formulas on the market… very nice!

    Our HydroBCAA Review

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  9. 2. Performax Labs IntraMax

    Performax Labs IntraMax

    IntraMax is a monstrously loaded intra workout supplement. The difference is that this isn’t really a “BCAA powder” in that it’s ultra-fast digesting hydrolyzed whey

    Now this is one loaded intra workout supplement, but there’s a caveat we need to mention right away — it’s not a standard BCAA/EAA supplement. Instead, they use ultra-fast whey protein hydrolysate as the amino acid source, which does provide a full spectrum of the BCAAs and EAAs.

    But just for good measure, there’s an extra 3g leucine added to the 6g hydrolyzed amino blend. Off to a great start.

    What’s different here is that the power/strength/recovery blend provides 3g of creatine – your ‘minimum daily dose’ – on top of the 2.5g betaine, which also has muscle-building research to it. So you’re knocking a bunch of stuff off the list with IntraMax!

    On top of those two muscle builders, the combination of glutamine and alanine are used, which has been shown to be more effective than glutamine alone.

    Then we’re on to the hydration pump area, which brings GlycerPump glycerol and a serious 1.5g taurine. That area is topped off with a bit of sodium and potassium based electrolytes.

    Overall, this is the one product on this page that has your day’s dose of creatine and betaine right inside. If you’re looking for a convenient way to get them in and don’t want to forget, then here you are with IntraMax!

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    Performax Labs IntraMax

    IntraMax uses hydrolyzed whey as it’s EAA source, but adds in more leucine, hydration-based pump agents, and ergogenics to give you a very well-rounded intra workout!

    Our IntraMax Review

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  10. 1. NutraBio Intra Blast

    NutraBio has been dominating the market lately, and one reason has been this massive creation in the epicly-loaded Intra Blast.

    For our endurance, sports, and high-intensity activities, this is easily our pick. Or if you just want some epic sweet tea flavor!

    NutraBio Intra Blast Ingredients

    They even tell you how much coloring and sweetener you’re getting!

    As many of you know with NutraBio, they do only 100% open formulas, and by open, we mean open — even the amount of flavoring, colors, and sweeteners are fully disclosed!

    But even more importantly for us, they now publish third party lab tests for every new batch – which means you know exactly what you’re getting. You can see in our NutraBio Plant Tour videos that CEO Mark Glazier is ridiculously strict about their cGMP (Good Manufacturing Practice) compliance, with several third party certifications. Long story short, if you want to know exactly what you’re getting, flavors and all, this is a great company to follow.

    On to the product: With a 24.1g scoop — it’s tough to know where to begin. There’s 7.2g of BCAAs in the study-backed 2:1:1 ratio, plus a whopping 2.805g dose of EAAs for further endurance that every athlete should be interested in.

    On top of that, athletes will appreciate that there’s a full spectrum of electrolytes – more than nearly any sports drink – so if you sweat a lot, you’re covered there.

    Of the other ingredients listed above, you have 2g taurine (more than most products which have none or maybe 1g), a whopping 5g glutamine (most other products between 2-3g), and even 2g of betaine which we discuss above. This will nearly get you to the clinically-backed 2.5g that has been shown to boost power and muscle growth.[12,13,14]

    The taste is very good considering this monster formula, and the latest ones (including the sweet tea!) are serious upgrades too! This is incredible because you can see how little of fillers they use to make it happen – and some of those EAAs are hard to mask.

    When it’s competitive gametime, it’s Intra Blast time.

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    NutraBio Intra Blast Ingredients

    Intra Blast contains a whopping 7.2g dose of BCAAs as part of its 10g EAA maxtrix, which supports muscle building and recovery.

    Our Intra Blast Review

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References

Add-on Amino Acids We Look For

Branched chain amino acid supplements all used to be the same, but not anymore. Now, each one often its own plethora of bonus ingredients.

Given the vast amount of BCAA products and formulas on the market, there’s bound to be some standout ingredients, overrated ingredients, and under the radar picks that you may not even be aware of. Rest assured though, we’ve got you covered here as well.

  • The “Goods”

    • The BCAAs

      This should be obvious, but you want a solid 5g dose, at minimum, in each serving of a BCAA product, preferably with 2.5-3g of Leucine. This amount of leucine has been shown to stimulate muscle protein synthesis, leading to greater muscle gains. and increase exercise output.[11]

      The three Branched-Chain Amino Acids

      Leucine, Valine, and Isoleucine are the three BCAAs, and they’re an extremely important part of your diet

    • HICA

      HICA (alpha-hydroxy-isocaproic acid) is a metabolite of leucine that has been shown to increase lean muscle mass, reduce soreness, and decrease fat mass.[3] As we all know, Leucine is the catalyst for igniting the mTOR pathway in the body, so no leucine, no muscle building.

      We’re huge fans of this ingredient — especially for dieters trying to keep their muscle tissue — but not many formulas have it. Of those that do, as we write this, only one of them actually states how much is on the label!

    • Betaine

      Betaine (a.k.a. tryimethylglycine or TMG) is an amino acid that is a great addition to any pre or intra workout product.  It boosts power output, reduces cortisol levels, and improves cellular hydration.[12,13,14] The clinical dose used in the best studies is 2.5g per day, each and every day.

      The real question we have lately is not whether it works – it’s whether it works in addition to creatine. They both work similarly, so do you really need 3-5g per day of creatine and 2.5g per day of betaine? We’re not sure yet, but if you’re a daily creatine user, you might not need a ton of this. From the data we’ve seen, it certainly can’t hurt, though.

      Betaine Anhydrous

      Egregiously Stolen from Athletix

    • Citrulline Malate

      Citrulline Malate reduces fatigue and soreness and fatigue while enhancing your training threshold.[15,16] This will help to increase your intensity during training and allow you to exercise for longer bouts of time before succumbing to fatigue.

      Note that when we want pumps we go for sheer l-citrulline (such as with Muscle Elements AmiNO Flow, our favorite weightlifting amino acid supplement).

      But when we want endurance, we’re going to look more towards citrulline malate to get some of that fatigue-fighting malic acid in there. The ever popular Scivation Xtend has the malate form, for instance.

    • L-Carnitine L-Tartrate

      L-Carnitine L-Tartrate

      LCLT is the form of L-Carnitine that you want if you’re into building muscle

      Abbreviated as LCLT, L-Carnitine L-Tartrate is involved in energy production in the body and also cellular metabolism. Aside from these benefits though, LCLT can help offset any post exercise soreness that may result from intense training sessions, which is why many users take BCAAs in the first place. This is due to its ability to increase certain growth factors in the body (IGF Binding Protein 3, particularly).[45]

      So if you’re really trying to get rid of soreness, LCLT should be a featured product.

      Note that not all L-Carnitine products are the same! Our two favorite “versions” of L-Carnitine are LCLT (for recovery) and ALCAR (Acetyl L-Carnitine) for focus. Straight L-Carnitine is a waste for most people though, unless you’re carnitine deficient (vegetarians and elderly, usually).

    • Taurine

      Taurine is one of the most abundant amino acids in the body, so it may be easy to write this off as one of the “overrated” aminos, but that would hasty on your part. While it is “conditionally essential” and quite plentiful during normal times, during intense exercise or periods of extreme duress, your body goes through its stores of Taurine rather quickly and it can’t make enough to keep up with demand.

      Taurine will help keep you hydrated by pulling valuable nutrients and water into your muscles,[41] thus allowing you to continue to exercise for longer bouts without succumbing to fatigue.

  • The “Overrated”

    • Glutamine

      Glutamine has gotten tons of hype over the years from the bro-science as a staple ingredient to help speed recovery. The fact of the matter is that research is conflicting at best and worst still is that unless it’s taken in tandem with L-Alanine, glutamine is broken down in your stomach before it’s absorbed by the intestines.[8,9]

      Here are a few of the pathways that glutamine is involved in. It's certainly not bad, but it's not worth the billions dollars worth of hype it's been given

      Here are a few of the pathways that glutamine is involved in. It’s certainly not bad, but it’s not worth the billions dollars worth of hype it’s been given

    • Electrolytes (Depending on Diet)

      It’s important to get several electrolytes in – especially potassium, magnesium, and sodium – but it really depends on what you need in your diet.

      However, being honest, there are two issues we have with all the raving that sports drink manufacturers love to throw in our faces:

      1. There is no research suggesting a PERFORMANCE boost from taking electrolytes!

        By Gatorade’s own admission (they link to this from their own site[64]), the sodium-based beverage did not affect performance!

        Instead, the Penn State-based researchers attempt to confuse the issue in their abstract with this ludicrous sentence:

        Beverage [Na(+)] did not affect performance; however, time to exhaustion was significantly shorter during the -4% (8 +/- 3 min) and -2% (14 +/- 3 min) vs. 0% (22 +/- 5 min) and +2% (26 +/- 6 min)

        So the sodium-based beverage didn’t affect performance, but the subjects didn’t get as tired when they were hydrated vs. when they were dehydrated to 4% or 2% body weight loss.

        But we already know that your performance is going to degrade when you’re dehydrated.

        These authors of that study are mashing two completely unrelated sentences together, likely in an attempt to confound the issue and cover up the failure in performance enhancement (at least by sodium)! Weak. Bad logic, bad science, bad writing… and they know it.

        Also, let’s not forget that Penn State is a disgraced school with a horrific history of unspeakable things having happened — likely with full knowledge from higher-ups — in their football program. To put it lightly, absolutely nothing can be trusted from this scum of a university, including this purposefully-confounded study.

      2. Most Americans already get plenty of Sodium, the center focus of most electrolyte drinks.

        Now, if you want to discuss potassium and magnesium, then there are great benefits there. Bring on the potassium! But the whole “replacing lost salt” situation is a bit ridiculous given the Western diet, and still, there’s no link to actual performance boost.

        Things of course begin to change when you have low-carb dieters or a keto diet, where these electrolytes are critically important to supplement.

      In short, we’re mostly interested in getting a performance boost, and really don’t see it from the electrolytes in any sports drink. It’s really from the water and carbs, which you can get nearly anywhere.

      Are we happy to get electrolytes in our BCAA supplements? Sure. But are they overrated for most of our readers? Almost definitely.

    • Arginine

      Arginine, much like glutamine, was an old “staple” in bodybuilding circles. It was traditionally used as a nitric oxide (NO) booster. The should have led to increased blood flow, nutrient transport, and pumps. Sadly, arginine is not nearly as effective as once touted and has been surpassed by more effective NO boosters like Citrulline and Agmatine.[10]

      The good news is that we really don’t see this one in many (if any) BCAA supplements.

    • Glycine

      Taurine and Glycine Molecules - Those Nitrogen Bonds are Causing us some Problems

      If you see glycine in your PROTEIN POWDER, then RUN! It is frequently used as a nitrogen-based filler to fool protein lab tests… because it’s cheap

      Glycine also acts as a neurotransmitter in the body. It typically influences the GABAergic and Glutaminergic systems, but in terms of exercise performance this doesn’t really do much for us. There are no relevant studies demonstrating Glycine’s effectiveness in increasing performance or aiding recovery.

      It may help you get to sleep quicker,[46,47] but we’re interested in performance here, so this filler amino acid gets relegated to the “overrated” category.

      The worst part is that this is a highly glucogenic amino acid, which will spike your blood sugar a bit. This is not what dieters want – especially low-carb dieters!

    • Silk Amino Acids

      Silk Amino Acids (SAAs) are a unique category of amino acids obtained from the Silkworm cocoon, of all places. They need to be hydrolyzed in order to be digested (an additional processing step which would further increase the price of a supplement).

      Aside from this, any studies showing their usefulness in increasing performance have only been done on animals (rats).[48] So, they might pose some benefit, but we’re not really willing to pay for them to be included in a BCAA supplement.

Proprietary blend or Non-Prop

Typically, we aren’t huge fans of proprietary blends here on PricePlow. We always prefer to know what exactly we’re putting in our body and how much of each ingredient we’re consuming. That being said, we’re “OK” with prop blends when we know that we’re getting at least 5g of BCAA.

However, if we start to see aminos like glycine, glutamine, and taurine near the top of the blend, we’re not so enthusiastic. While nice to have extra aminos, these aren’t the “best or brightest” free form amino acids to have in abundance as the research on these is mixed.

In our opinion, none of these supplements are so “magical” that they should be masked with a prop blend of any kind. There’s not that many secrets to it (besides the flavoring systems). Pick ingredients with certain benefits and be on your way!

  1. Pasiakos, S; Leucine-enriched essential amino acid supplementation during moderate steady state exercise enhances postexercise muscle protein synthesis.; Military Nutrition Division, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine; 2011; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21775557
  2. Antonio, J; Effects of exercise training and amino-acid supplementation on body composition and physical performance in untrained women.; Human Performance Laboratory, University of Nebraska; 2000; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11118822
  3. Mero, Antti A., et al. Effects of Alfa-hydroxy-isocaproic Acid on Body Composition, DOMS and Performance in Athletes. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 7.1 (2010); Retrieved from http://www.jissn.com/content/7/1/1
  4. Lagranha, C; Glutamine supplementation prevents exercise-induced neutrophil apoptosis and reduces p38 MAPK and JNK phosphorylation and p53 and caspase 3 expression.; Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo; 2007; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17542038
  5. Phillips, G; Glutamine: the nonessential amino acid for performance enhancement.; University of Iowa Children’s Hospital; 2007; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17618004
  6. Ra SG, et al; Additional effects of taurine on the benefits of BCAA intake for the delayed-onset muscle soreness and muscle damage induced by high-intensity eccentric exercise . Adv Exp Med Biol. (2013); Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23392882
  7. Spiering BA, et al; Responses of criterion variables to different supplemental doses of L-carnitine L-tartrate . J Strength Cond Res. (2007); Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17313301
  8. Harris, R; L-glutamine Absorption Is Enhanced after Ingestion of L-alanylglutamine Compared with the Free Amino Acid or Wheat Protein. Nutrition Research 32.4 (2012); Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22575040
  9. Hoffman, J; L-alanyl-L-glutamine Ingestion Maintains Performance during a Competitive Basketball Game. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 9.1 (2012); Retrieved from http://www.jissn.com/content/9/1/4
  10. Wijnands, K; Citrulline a More Suitable Substrate than Arginine to Restore NO Production and the Microcirculation during Endotoxemia; Department of Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Center; 2012; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3362574/
  11. Kim, D; Effect of BCAA intake during endurance exercises on fatigue substances, muscle damage substances, and energy metabolism substances; Department of Physical Education, Chonnam National University; 2013; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4241904/
  12. Lee EC, et al. Ergogenic effects of betaine supplementation on strength and power performance. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. (2010); Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20642826
  13. Courtenay ES, et al. Vapor pressure osmometry studies of osmolyte-protein interactions: implications for the action of osmoprotectants in vivo and for the interpretation of “osmotic stress” experiments in vitro. Biochemistry. (2000); Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10757995
  14. Apicella JM, et al. Betaine supplementation enhances anabolic endocrine and Akt signaling in response to acute bouts of exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol. (2013); Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22976217
  15. Perez-Guisado; Citrulline malate enhances athletic anaerobic performance and relieves muscle soreness.; Department of Medicine, University of Córdoba; 2010; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20386132
  16. Hickner, R; L-citrulline reduces time to exhaustion and insulin response to a graded exercise test.; Human Performance Laboratory, East Carolina University; 2006; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16679980
  17. Shimomura, Y; Exercise promotes BCAA catabolism: effects of BCAA supplementation on skeletal muscle during exercise.; Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology; 2004; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15173434
  18. Negro, M; Branched-chain amino acid supplementation does not enhance athletic performance but affects muscle recovery and the immune system.; Pharmacobiochemistry Laboratory, Section of Pharmacology and Pharmacological Biotechnology, Department of Cellular and Molecular, Physiological and Pharmacological Sciences, University of Pavia; 2008; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18974721
  19. Shimomura, Y; Nutraceutical effects of branched-chain amino acids on skeletal muscle.; Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology; 2006; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16424141
  20. Børsheim, E; Essential amino acids and muscle protein recovery from resistance exercise.; Metabolism Unit, Department of Surgery, Shriners Hospital for Children/Galveston, University of Texas Medical Branch; 2002; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12217881
  21. Wolfe, R; Effects of amino acid intake on anabolic processes.; University of Texas Medical Branch, Shriners Burns Hospital; 2001; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11897897
  22. Aquilani, R; Unaffected arm muscle hypercatabolism in dysphagic subacute stroke patients: the effects of essential amino acid supplementation.; Servizio di Fisiopatologia Metabolico-Nutrizionale e Nutrizione Clinica, Centro Medico di Montescano; 2014; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25431770
  23. Ispoglou, T; Double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot trial of L-Leucine-enriched amino-acid mixtures on body composition and physical performance in men and women aged 65-75 years.; Carnegie Faculty, School of Sport, Leeds Beckett University; 2015; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26081485
  24. Børsheim, E; Effect of carbohydrate intake on net muscle protein synthesis during recovery from resistance exercise.; Department of Surgery, Shriners Hospitals for Children-Galveston, University of Texas Medical Branch; 1985; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14594866
  25. Fallowfield, J; Carbohydrate intake and recovery from prolonged exercise.; Dept. of Physical Education, Sports Science and Recreation Management, Loughborough University; 1993; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8508193
  26. Poole, C; The Role of Post-Exercise Nutrient Administration on Muscle Protein Synthesis and Glycogen Synthesis; Applied Biochemistry and Molecular Physiology Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma; 2010; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3761704/
  27. Cribb, P; Effects of supplement timing and resistance exercise on skeletal muscle hypertrophy.; Exercise Metabolism Unit, Center for Ageing, Rehabilitation, Exercise and Sport; and the School of Biomedical Sciences, Victoria University; 2006; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17095924
  28. Roy, B; Effect of glucose supplement timing on protein metabolism after resistance training.; Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University; 1997; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9173954
  29. Tipton, K; Timing of amino acid-carbohydrate ingestion alters anabolic response of muscle to resistance exercise.; Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch; 2001; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11440894
  30. van Elburg, R; Repeatability of the sugar-absorption test, using lactulose and mannitol, for measuring intestinal permeability for sugars.; Department of Pediatrics, Beatrix Children’s Hospital, University Hospital of Groningen; 1995; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7714684
  31. Bergoz, R; Trehalose tolerance test. Its value as a test for malabsorption.; 1973; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4129178
  32. Bergoz, R; Trehalose malabsorption causing intolerance to mushrooms. Report of a probable case.; 1971; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/5104075
  33. Suzuki, K; Effect of a sports drink based on highly-branched cyclic dextrin on cytokine responses to exhaustive endurance exercise; Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University; 2014; Retrieved from http://www.minervamedica.it/en/journals/sports-med-physical-fitness/article.php?cod=R40Y2014N05A0622
  34. Goodpaster, B; The effects of pre-exercise starch ingestion on endurance performance.; Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University; 1996; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8858409
  35. Takii, H; Fluids containing a highly branched cyclic dextrin influence the gastric emptying rate.; Biochemical Research Laboratory, Ezaki Glico Co., Ltd.; 2005; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15900642
  36. Mero, A; Effects of alfa-hydroxy-isocaproic acid on body composition, DOMS and performance in athletes; Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyväskylä; 2010; Retrieved from http://www.jissn.com/content/7/1/1
  37. Claeyssens S, et al; Effect of enteral glutamine on leucine, phenylalanine and glutamine metabolism in hypercortisolemic subjects. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. (2000); Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10780937
  38. Bowtell, J; Effect of oral glutamine on whole body carbohydrate storage during recovery from exhaustive exercise; Department of Anatomy and Physiology, University of Dundee; 1999; Retrieved from http://jap.physiology.org/content/86/6/1770
  39. Bowtell JL, et al; Effect of oral glutamine on whole body carbohydrate storage during recovery from exhaustive exercise. J Appl Physiol. (1999); Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10368336
  40. Hoffmann, E.K., I.H. Lambert, and S.F. Pedersen, Physiology of cell volume regulation in vertebrates. Physiol Rev, 2009. 89(1); Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19126758
  41. da Silva, L; Effects of taurine supplementation following eccentric exercise in young adults.; Exercise Biochemistry and Physiology Laboratory, Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences, Health Sciences Unit, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense; 2014; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24383513
  42. Perez-Guisado; Citrulline malate enhances athletic anaerobic performance and relieves muscle soreness.; Department of Medicine, University of Córdoba; 2010; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20386132
  43. Oben JE, et al; The use of a Cissus quadrangularis/Irvingia gabonensis combination in the management of weight loss: a double-blind placebo-controlled study; Lipids Health Dis. (2008); Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18377661
  44. Oben J, et al; The use of a Cissus quadrangularis formulation in the management of weight loss and metabolic syndrome. Lipids Health Dis. (2006); http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16948861
  45. Kraemer WJ, et al; The effects of L-carnitine L-tartrate supplementation on hormonal responses to resistance exercise and recovery.; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12930169
  46. Drozak, J; Molecular identification of carnosine synthase as ATP-grasp domain-containing protein 1 (ATPGD1).; Laboratory of Physiological Chemistry, Université Catholique de Louvain; 2010; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20097752
  47. Hipkiss, A; On the enigma of carnosine’s anti-ageing actions.; School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, The University of Birmingham; 2009; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19041712
  48. Boldyrev, A; Does carnosine possess direct antioxidant activity?; Department of Biochemistry, Moscow State University; 1993; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8405650
  49. Baguet, A; Important role of muscle carnosine in rowing performance.; Dept. of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University; 2010; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20671038
  50. Kern, B; Effects of β-alanine supplementation on performance and body composition in collegiate wrestlers and football players.; Human Performance and Physical Education Department, Adams State College; 2011; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21659893
  51. Hoffman J; Short-duration beta-alanine supplementation increases training volume and reduces subjective feelings of fatigue in college football players.; Department of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey; 2008; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19083385
  52. Hoffman, J; Beta-alanine and the hormonal response to exercise.; Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey; 2008; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18548362
  53. Stout, J; Effects of beta-alanine supplementation on the onset of neuromuscular fatigue and ventilatory threshold in women.; Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma; 2007; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17136505
  54. Zoeller, R; Effects of 28 days of beta-alanine and creatine monohydrate supplementation on aerobic power, ventilatory and lactate thresholds, and time to exhaustion.; Department of Exercise Science and Health Promotion, Florida Atlantic University; 2007; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16953366
  55. Hobson, R; Effects of β-alanine supplementation on exercise performance: a meta-analysis.; Biomedical, Life and Health Sciences Research Centre, School of Science and Technology, Nottingham Trent University; 2012; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22270875
  56. Jordan, T; Effect of beta-alanine supplementation on the onset of blood lactate accumulation (OBLA) during treadmill running: Pre/post 2 treatment experimental design.; School of Family, Consumer, and Nutrition Sciences, Northern Illinois University; 2010; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20482881
  57. Cobley, J; N-Acetylcysteine Attenuates Fatigue Following Repeated-Bouts of Intermittent Exercise: Practical Implications for Tournament Situations.; School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University; 2011; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21896942
  58. Cobley, J; N-Acetylcysteine’s attenuation of fatigue after repeated bouts of intermittent exercise: practical implications for tournament situations.; 2011; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22089305 (note: it is very likely that this is a duplicate of the above citation)
  59. Reid, M; N-acetylcysteine inhibits muscle fatigue in humans.; Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine; 1994; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC330079/
  60. Schultheiss, Nathan; Pterostilbene cocrystals; 2011; Google Patents; Retrieved from  https://www.google.com/patents/US20110189276
  61. Giesbrecht, Timo, et al; “The combination of L-theanine and caffeine improves cognitive performance and increases subjective alertness”; Nutritional Neuroscience; 2010; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21040626
  62. Lyon MR, Kapoor MP, Juneja LR; The effects of L-theanine (Suntheanine®) on objective sleep quality in boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial; Altern Med Rev; 2011; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22214254
  63. Gericke, N; Sceletium–a review update.; Journal of Ethnopharmacology; 2008; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18761074
  64. Vrijens, D; Sodium-free fluid ingestion decreases plasma sodium during exercise in the heat.; School of Physical Education, Otago University; 1999; Retrieved from http://www.gssiweb.org/en/Article/sodium-free-fluid-ingestion-decreases-plasma-sodium-during-exercise-in-the-heat- and http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10368348
  65. Sugino, T; L-ornithine supplementation attenuates physical fatigue in healthy volunteers by modulating lipid and amino acid metabolism.; Soiken Inc.; 2008; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19083482
  66. Kokubo, T; A randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled crossover trial on the effects of L-ornithine on salivary cortisol and feelings of fatigue of flushers the morning after alcohol consumption.; Developmental Research Group, Functional Food Business Project, Kirin Holdings Company, Limited; 2013; Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23414576
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